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About The League

Westman Orthodox Softball League was established in Brandon as a coed adult recreational modified softball league. It is a very social and fun league with players ranging in age from 18 to 50+. League games are held on weeknights in various locations throughout Brandon. Game times usually start at 7:00. During the year our League hosts multiple tournaments including a year-end tournament.

Modified style – Ball is pitched underhand and into the batters strike zone to make the game more enjoyable and easier to hit the ball. Much different than slo-pitch which is pitched in with an arc and the strike zone is a mat. New players are always welcome to help continue to grow the league to its maximum potential.

What Is Orthodox Softball?

Orthodox Softball is also commonly known as Modified Softball. It is a game played on a diamond by two teams, each with a minimum of nine players in our league, it will consist of AT LEAST three girls and three guys. One team plays offense (hitting), while the other plays defense (fielding). Orthodox or Modified Softball is most commonly found in Adult leagues, striking a balance between Fast Pitch and Slo-Pitch Softball.

Orthodox Softball Diamond

The game lasts a total of seven innings, with both teams having the opportunity to play offense and defense in each inning.  The team who had the most runs (players who have rounded the Bases and touched Home Plate) at the end of seven innings is the winner.

Offence
Players go up to bat in the order that the coach placed them before the start of the game (called the ‘Batting Order’).  To become the Batter (the hitter), the player enters the ‘Batter’s Box’ and prepares to swing at the ball.

The Pitcher, who is a member of the defensive team, throws the ball underhand using bowling motion towards Home Plate where the batter must decide if they should swing the bat.  If the batter swings and misses the ball, it is called a ‘Strike’; if the batter does not swing but the Umpire determines that the ball is in the ‘Strike Zone’, it is called a ‘Strike’; if the batter does not swing at the ball, and the ball is not in the ‘Strike Zone’, it is called a ‘Ball’.  If a batter receives three Strikes, he or she is called ‘Out’; if a batter receives four Balls, he or she is ‘Walked’ and is allowed to advance to First Base.

When the batter connects with the ball, one of two things can happen: the ball can be hit forward between the two ‘Foul Lines’ resulting in a ‘Fair Ball’; or the ball can be hit outside the ‘Foul Lines’ resulting in a ‘Foul Ball’.  If the batter hits a ‘Fair Ball’, he or she becomes a Base Runner and must run towards First Base.  If the Base Runner reaches First Base before the defensive team gets the ball to First Base or catches the ball before it hits the ground, the Base Runner is Safe.  The goal of the Base Runner is to advance from Base to Base until they reach Home Plate and score a ‘Run’.  When a batter hits a ‘Fair Ball’over the fences at the back of the Outfield, they have hit a ‘Home Run’ – they are able to run all four bases and score a ‘Run’.

Defence
There is a total of at least nine (9) defensive players in Softball, our league allows up to 10:

  • Pitcher
  • Catcher
  • First Base
  • Second Base
  • Short Stop
  • Third Base
  • Left Field
  • Right Field
  • Centre Field
  • Rover

Modified / Orthodox Softball Positions

Depending on the level of play, some leagues add a ‘Rover’ position in the outfield.  The ‘Rover’ can move around the outfield but generally plays either between Right Field and Centre Field or between Left Field and Centre Field depending on the Batter.

The goal of the defense is to prevent Base Runners from safely crossing Home Plate by earning an ‘Out’.  An ‘Out’ can be earned by throwing a batter three ‘Strikes’, catching a hit before it touches the ground, getting the ball to the base before the player arrives, or placing a ‘Tag’ on the Base Runner by touching him or her with the ball in the glove.   Once the defensive team earns three outs in an inning, they leave the field and become the offensive team.

Pitching Style
In Orthodox Softball, the ball is pitched underhand in a straight or flat line using a bowling motion.  Pitchers are prohibited from using a ‘windmill’ or ‘sling-shot’ style; as a result, the speed of the pitch is limited.  Also commonly known as Modified Softball because of the modifications made to the pitching rules, Orthodox Softball strikes a balance between Fast Pitch and Slo-Pitch Softball and is most commonly found in Adult Leagues.

Softball Terms

A
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B
ball – as called by the umpire, a pitch that does not enter the strike zone in flight and is not struck at by the batter
base – one of four points on the infield that must be touched by a runner in order to score a run. Also applies to the rubber or canvas bags comprising first, second, and third base, as well as the hard plastic or rubber plate known as home plate.
baseline – the area between each base along which the base runner must generally run
base runner – a batter who has reached base safely
batter – also known as “hitter”; an offensive player who takes his/her position in the batter’s box to try to hit the pitch
batter’s box – a rectangular area beside home plate where the batter must stand to hit the pitch
batting order – the official list giving the sequence in which members of the (offensive) team must come to bat
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C
catcher – defensive player who normally positions him/herself behind home plate and receives pitches
center fielder – the defensive player positioned near the middle of the outfield
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D
defensive team – the nine players in the field (pitcher, catcher, 1st, 2nd, & 3rd basemen, shortstop, and left, center, and right fielders)
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E
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F
fair ball – a ball hit into the field of play
fielder – any one of the nine players on the defensive team (pitcher, catcher, 1st, 2nd, & 3rd basemen, shortstop, and left, center, and right fielders)
first baseman – the defensive player in the portion of the infield near the bag that the batter will initially run to (invisible line goes from catcher to first baseman to right fielder)
foul ball – a batted ball that settles on foul territory between home and first base, or between home and third base, or that bounds past first or third base on or over foul territory, or that first falls on foul territory beyond first or third base, or that, while on or over foul territory, touches the person of an umpire or player, or any foreign object to the natural ground; A foul fly shall be judged according to the relative position of the ball and the foul line, including the foul pole, and not as to whether the infielder is on foul or fair territory at the time he/she touches the ball.
foul lines – the two straight lines extending from home plate past the outside edges of first and third bases to the outfield fence
foul tip – a batted ball that goes sharply and directly from the bat to the catcher’s hands and is legally caught. It is not a foul tip unless caught, and any foul tip that is caught is a strike, and the ball is in play. It is not a catch if it is a rebound, unless the ball has first touched the catcher’s glove or hand
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G
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H
hit – when a batter reaches first base (or any succeeding base) safely on a fair ball which settles on the ground or touches a fence before being touched by a fielder, or which clears a fence; when a batter reaches first base safely on a fair ball hit with such force, or so slowly, that any fielder attempting to make a play with it has no opportunity to do so; when a batter reaches first base safely on a fair ball which takes an unusual bounce so that a fielder cannot handle it with ordinary effort, or which touches the pitcher’s plate or any base (including home plate) before being touched by a fielder and bounces so that a fielder cannot handle it with ordinary effort; when a batter reaches first base safely on a fair ball which has not been touched by a fielder and which is in fair territory when it reaches the outfield unless in the scorer’s judgment it could have been handled with ordinary effort; when a fair ball that has not been touched by a fielder touches a runner or an umpire, when a fielder unsuccessfully attempts to put out a preceding runner, and in the scorer’s judgment the batter would not have been put out at first base by ordinary effort
home plate – the five-sided piece of whitened rubber that the batter stands beside to hit the pitch
homerun – a safe hit, when no error or putout results, which allows the batter to reach all four bases and score a run; usually a fly ball in fair territory which goes over the outfield fence
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I
infield – the diamond-shaped area in fair territory formed by the three bases and home plate that is normally covered by defensive players (known as infielders)
inning – that portion of the game within which the teams alternate on offense and defense and in which there are three putouts for each team. Each team’s at-bat comprises a half-inning
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J
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K
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L
left fielder – the defensive player in the outfield closest to the third base foul line
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M
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N
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O
offensive team – the team that is at bat
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P
pitcher – the player who throws the ball to the batter
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Q
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R
right fielder – the defensive player in the outfield closest to the first base foul line
run – the point scored when a batter or base runner advances to home plate
rover – a tenth (10th) defensive player used in some recreational leagues. The Rover plays exclusively in the outfield, and while he or she can move around the outfield the Rover generally plays either between Right Field and Centre Field, or between Left Field and Centre Field depending on the Batter
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S
shortstop – a defensive player who normally positions him/herself in fair territory between second base and the third baseman
single – a hit that allows a batter to reach first base safely
strikeout – when a batter is put out by a third strike caught by the catcher; a batter is put out by a third strike not caught when there is a runner on first before two are out; a batter becomes a runner because a third strike is not caught; a batter bunts a ball into foul territory after two strikes (unless such a bunt results in a fly ball, which is caught by any fielder. This is not considered a strikeout, but a putout by the fielder)
strike zone – the space over any part of home plate between the batter’s armpits and the top of his/her knees when he/she assumes a natural batting stance
strike – as called by the umpire, a pitch that enters the strike zone in flight and is not struck at by the batter; a pitch that a batter swings at and misses; a foul ball
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T
third baseman – the defensive player in the infield stationed near the last bag that a base runner would touch before heading for home plate (invisible line goes from catcher to third baseman to left fielder)
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U
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V
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W
walk – also called base on balls (BB); an automatic advance to first base for the batter after the pitcher delivers four “balls” as called by the umpire, based on their being outside the strike zone
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X
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Y
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Z

Code of Conduct

All participants are expected to, at all times, display respect for the rights, dignity, and worth of athletes, coaches, officials, other volunteers, media, friends, and spectators, and treat everyone equally regardless of sex, ethnic origin, religion or ability. This will be demonstrated by following the Code of Conduct.

No Team Member or Fan will conduct themselves in behaviour contrary to this Code both on and off the field.

No Team Member or Fan will cause any form of personal abuse, including verbal, physical and emotional abuse, towards other athletes, officials, host personnel, spectators and others.

No Team Member or Fan will refuse to abide by an official's decision, threaten an official, or at any time lay a hand upon, push, shove, strike, or make incidental physical contact with the body or kick dirt or other matter on the official or attempt to cause physical contact when disputing a decision. This includes causing or attempting to cause physical contact with another participant.

No Team Member or Fan will make any disparaging remarks or actions towards other athletes, officials, host personnel, spectators and others.

No Team Member or Fan will react in a violent manner to any incident nor use any form of profane, vulgar, obscene or abusive language or gestures, whether it is directed at an official, opponent, playing colleague, team official, tournament official or spectator. Neither will they tolerate profane, vulgar, obscene or abusive language or gestures from any supporters and other members of their team.

No Team Member or Fan will use intimidating or threatening behaviour towards officials, opponents, playing colleagues, team officials, tournament personnel or spectators nor will they permit any others to openly or maliciously criticize, badger, harass, or threaten an official.

No Team Member or Fan will make objectionable demonstrations by throwing bats, gloves or other equipment in a forceful manner.

No Team Member will discuss publicly with participants and spectators in a derogatory or abusive manner any decision by the officials or any opinions of players.

No Team Member or Fan will cause the destruction of property belonging to others.

No Team Member will use any intoxicating substances during the course of the game, or appear to be in an intoxicated condition.

No Team Member or Fan will harass, heckle, insult, jeer, or use verbal tactics to embarrass or insult an Association representative, employee or other participants at the site before, during or after a game.

No Team Member or Person involved with any team in any capacity will make derogatory, disdainful. disparaging comments or remarks regarding any person or program connected to Board Members on any public forum, message board, bulletin board or social media.

No Team Member will use any improper and unapproved equipment.

No Team Member or Fan will give false or misleading in6formation or fail to cooperate with a legitimate request from a Westman Orthodox Softball League official in the discharge of his/her official duties.

No Team Member or Fan, when requested by the game official, will refuse to assist him/her in the enforcement of this Code of Conduct and the control of players making threats.

No Team Member or Fan will engage in a continuous verbal attack upon an official or other participant or spectator after they have been ejected from a game or make a verbal threat of physical violence upon an official.

All teams are responsible for cleaning up their dugout after use. This means no garbage, no bottles, no alcoholic beverage containers, etc.

Monday Night Rules

  1. All games are 7 innings unless ending in a tie. 7 runs an inning or 3 outs per inning. Whichever occurs first.
  2. No Slingshot, only regular orthodox pitching with the backswing of the arm not to go above the shoulder when standing up. One foot must be planted, one step allowed.
  3. Umpires will be hired for playoffs.
  4. Infield fly rule in effect.
  5. No Steel Cleats. Rubber cleats only.
  6. a) Pitchers may only pitch a maximum of four innings per seven innings or make four appearances in a game. Extra innings are one per every two innings played.
    b) If a pitcher hits 2 batters in the same game, he can no longer pitch for the remainder of the game.
  7. Team to include a minimum of 3 female players or 3 male players.
  8. If you bat, you play in the field sometime during the game, unless injured. No designated hitters allowed. If you play in the field, you bat.
  9. Runners cannot steal bases until the ball leaves the pitchers hand.
  10. A player must be hit home. There is no stealing home or going home on an overthrow unless it was at first initiated by a hit and the play has not ended.
  11. The last inning is open. 7 run limit all other innings. Games are 7 innings long.
  12. Each team is responsible for their own bases and home plate. Each team is required to have these as well as a safety bag.
  13. A ball that is hit into the long grass is considered a home run. If the ball is caught in the long grass it is still a home run. Any ball that is hit and rolls into the long grass is considered a ground rule double.
  14. a) All players can bat but a minimum of 3 male or 3 female players must be in the first 10 batters. Up to 9 men can bat in the first 12 batters but after that, it has to alternate female, then male and so on.
    b) If a team is short a girl, they can play 9 fielders. Their 10th batter has to be an automatic out.
  15. If a male pitcher is pitching to a female batter the pitch must be slowed down upon request.
  16. A player can only play for ONE team in the playoffs. Players found team jumping will be asked to leave the tournament.
  17. There will be a 10 run mercy after 5 innings.

All diamonds & area are to be kept litter free to ensure future use.

Standard softball rules apply where not stated above.

Every player plays at their own risk.

Tuesday & Thursday Night Rules

  1. All games are 7 innings unless ending in a tie. 7 runs an inning or 3 outs per inning. Whichever occurs first.
  2. No Slingshot, only regular orthodox pitching with the backswing of the arm not to go above the shoulder when standing up. One foot must be planted, one step allowed.
  3. a) Pitchers may only pitch a maximum of four innings per seven innings or make four appearances in a game. Extra innings are one per every two innings played.
    b) If a pitcher hits 2 batters in the same game, he can no longer pitch for the remainder of the game.
    c) pitching marker should be placed a minimum of 45 feet from home plate.
  4. Infield fly rule in effect.
  5. No Steel Cleats. Rubber cleats only.
  6. Umpires will only be hired for playoffs.
  7. Team to include a minimum of 3 female players or 3 male players.
  8. If you bat, you play in the field sometime during the game, unless injured. No designated hitters allowed. If you play in the field, you bat.
  9. Runners cannot steal bases until the ball leaves the pitchers hand.
  10. A player must be hit home. There is no stealing home or going home on an overthrow unless it was at first initiated by a hit and the play has not ended.
  11. Games do not have a 10 run in five-inning mercy rule. The last inning is open. 7 run limit all other innings. Games are 7 innings long.
  12. Each team is responsible for their own bases and home plate. Each team is required to have these as well as a safety bag.
  13. A ball that is hit into the long grass is considered a home run. If the ball is caught in the long grass it is still a home run. Any ball that is hit and rolls into the long grass is considered a ground rule double.
  14. a) All players can bat but a minimum of 3 male or 3 female players must be in the first 10 batters. Up to 8 men can bat in the first 11 batters but after that, it has to alternate female, then male and so on.
    b) If a team is short a girl, they can play 9 fielders. Their 10th batter has to be an automatic out.
  15. If a male pitcher is pitching to a female batter the pitch must be slowed down upon request.
  16. The bases distance should be a minimum of 60 feet apart

All diamonds & area are to be kept litter free to ensure future use.

Standard softball rules apply where not stated above.

Every player plays at their own risk.